Azulejos du Portugal

Discover the history of the Portuguese Azulejos.

When you travel to Portugal, you may well see public buildings, churches, monuments and even buildings or houses covered with tiles. These tiles have become, over time, one of the emblems of Portugal under the name of Azulejos.

 

2600 BC, the first earthenware tiles in Mesopotamia.

The first known glazed tiles (2600 BC) were found in Egypt and Mesopotamia. They then disappeared for a long time before the manufacturing technique was found in the 9th century in Iraq and spread throughout the Arab world from Constantinople to Spain.

Ishtar Palace of Babylon - unknown

From the 15th century, it is all Europe, from Spain to Holland through Italy and France that uses these tiles for the decoration of the most beautiful buildings.
 


16th century, the first azulejos in Portugal.

At the beginning of the 16th century, King Manuel I imported the first Azulejos from Spain to cover the walls of the Palace he had rebuilt in Sintra. These are the first azulejos of which one finds the trace in Portugal, but they were manufactured in Spain.

 
National Palace of Sintra - Credit : Hisour Art 


A little later, at the end of the 17th century, on their side, the Dutch reproduce the Chinese earthenware and move towards tiles with blue and white dominants.

The Portuguese then ordered the Azulejos to the Dutch for their palaces and churches. In Lisbon, in the Madre de Deus Convent (Igreja do Convento da Madre de Deus), there is a magnificent painting of Azulejos which was painted in Holland by Jan van Oort and installed in 1698.

 
Igreja do Convento da Madre de Deus Lisboa - unknown

    

18th century, the Portuguese are the masters of the Azulejos

At the end of the 18th century, after the earthquake in Lisbon (1755), the Portuguese decided to use the technique of azulejos to rebuild the facades of their capital.
This choice is due to the low cost of manufacturing tiles and their ability to protect buildings from heat and humidity. The art of the Azulejos is then at its peak, the mastery of the painters of azulejos is such that they sign their creations.
 

Viuva Lamego Factory - Largo do intendente

 

The most beautiful Portuguese tiles

The church of Valega

This church is located in Ovar, near Aveiro. It was built in 1746, but its construction lasted more than a century. Today it is known as the "Portuguese Sistine Chapel". Its azulejos representing passages of the bible are considered as true masterpieces of the Baroque Art.

 
Igreja Matriz de Santa Maria, Valéga - Credit : Wikimédia

 

The hall of coats of arms of the National Palace of Sintra

Residence of the Moorish governor during the Arab domination in the 10th century, the National Palace of Sintra was then inhabited by the Portuguese Kings for nearly eight centuries.

The walls of the Palace were covered with Azulejos, most of which have disappeared. The famous Hall of Coat of Arms is decorated with panels of azulejos dating from the 18th century.


Hall of coats of arms of the National Palace of Sintra

 

The Church of Saint Lawrence of Almancil in Faro

In Faro, the Church of Saint Lawrence of Almancil in Faro, built in the 17th century, is dedicated to Saint Lawrence. It is a baroque style church whose interior is entirely covered with tiles depicting important moments in the life of the saint.


Church of Saint Lawrence of Almancil

These unique azulejos were made in Lisbon around 1730 and then applied to the walls and the 6 arches of this church making it unique in the world.

 

The São Bento train station in Porto

The São Bento station, in downtown Porto, is recent and was put into service in 1896. It was named after the old convent of "São Bento de Avé Maria", which was destroyed to make way for the construction of the station.

Hall of the lost steps of the station of são Bento - Credit unknown

The walls of the "room of the lost steps" are covered with azulejos, representing historical scenes of Portugal and scenes of the Portuguese popular life. 

 

The Chapel of Souls in Porto 

The Capela das Almas is located in the heart of Porto. Erected at the end of the 18th century, its external walls were only covered with Azulejos in 1929.  

Capela das Almas de Santa Catarina

These tiles, painted by Eduardo Leite, were made by the ceramic factory Veuve Lamego, in Lisbon. With 15947 tiles covering 360m2, they tell the story of Saint Francis of Assisi and Saint Catherine.

You can find in our online store faithful reproductions of these figurative tiles. They are made by craftsmen usually responsible for the restoration of old azulejos.

Azulejo anjo Barroco - Luisa Paixão Collection 

 

The National Museum of Azulejos in Lisbon.

If you are interested in the history of the Azulejos, then a visit to the National Museum of Azulejos is a must.


Museu Nacional do Azulejo, Lisbon

This museum traces the history of Portuguese tiles from the 16th century to the present day. The permanent exhibition will allow you to admire many tiles dating from different periods and thus understand the different manufacturing techniques and their evolution.


The azulejos, an art still alive in Portugal.

Today, tiles are still used, both decoratively and in a contemporary form, throughout Portugal. Lisbon's subway stations are covered with them, and even newer and more modern buildings such as the Casa da Música in Porto use them for their decorative function.

Casa da Musica Porto

Thanks to the faithful reproductions, it is possible to enjoy the decorative interest of the Azulejos at home. By mounting them in azulejo murals for example


Azulejos - Luisa Paixão collection

 or simply by placing them cleverly on the wall.


Azulejos - Luisa Paixão collection

 

What about tomorrow?

The contemporary artists, the craftsmen, continue to work the azulejos and are invited in the street-art, in the design, the jewels the kitchens.


Contemporary Azulejos By Charis Tsevis

 

Azulejos Tableware : Collection Luisa Paixão
 
Azulejos ceramic box - Luisa Paixão collection
 

Azulejos kitchenware - Luisa Paixão collection

Luisa Paixao

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